In the era of the rapidly growing coronavirus epidemic, more and more people are beginning to think about competent prevention of this disease. Moreover, an effective drug for its treatment has not yet been created – pharmacologists, together with doctors, have been trying to develop such a drug for several months, but all their efforts have so far been fruitless.
The disease is characterized by instability – in some cases, the simplest drugs such as Arbidol or aspirin help, and in others, even the most modern means are not able to alleviate the patient’s condition. In this regard, we decided in our article today to talk not about treatment, but about the prevention of the disease-we have compiled a rating of the 10 best preventive measures to combat coronavirus.
- Ten most effective prevention measures to protect against coronavirus
- 10. Maintain clean surfaces
- 9. Clean your hands
- 8. Avoid touching your face
- 7. Avoid handshakes and friendly hugs
- 6. Medical masks
- 5. Compliance with food and personal hygiene
- 4. Medicines
- 3. Isolation
- 2. Don’t buy at pet markets
- 1. Timely access to a doctor
- In conclusion, a useful video
Ten most effective prevention measures to protect against coronavirus
10. Maintain clean surfaces
As you know, this disease is transmitted by airborne droplets and contact. Due to the fact that pathogens of viruses do not accumulate on surfaces, it is necessary to constantly maintain their cleanliness. Taking into account the self – isolation regime introduced throughout the country, it is not too difficult to do this-it is enough to dust the apartment once a day and carry out wet cleaning. It is best to do this with the addition of various antiseptics. It is necessary to stock up in advance on everything necessary for cleaning – cleaning cloths for various types of surfaces, floor cleaning fluids, and so on. Instead of a glass cleaner, you can use special wipes for wiping monitors and other similar surfaces – they are able to cope with dirt much faster. Cleaning is carried out from top to bottom. In other words, first they wash the chandelier, then the cornices, mezzanines, cabinets, window sills, drawers. Floors are washed in the very last turn. The principle is clear and easy to explain-dust from the upper tiers will not fall on the newly washed surfaces, thereby minimizing the effect of cleaning.
Some people prefer to use a cleaning vacuum cleaner – it is best suited for homes where the floors are covered with carpets or carpet, but such a tool will also successfully cope with tiles,linoleum and parquet. If you do not have the funds to purchase such equipment, you can use an ordinary MOP or a MOP with a fringe and a self-release. However, in this case, you will need to use various household chemicals that allow you to effectively clean the pile coverings from dirt. Immediately, it should be said that too much liquid should not be used when cleaning the carpet, as in this case it will not have time to dry quickly, which will eventually lead to mold. Many people forget to wash radiators, although they accumulate a huge amount of dust over time. If you have to clean the product manually, you can put a wide tray under the battery, for example, made of cardboard, spray the radiators with warm water from a spray gun with the addition of a certain amount of detergent. Dirt will drain down, after which you will only need to thoroughly wipe the battery with a dry cloth.
- Such prevention has two goals – it saves the room where a person spends a lot of time from pathogens of many bacterial and viral diseases, and also keeps the apartment clean;
- It is enough to carry out one General cleaning, and then just wipe the dust.
- You will have to spend a lot of time and effort;
- It is necessary to use a large number of tools and detergents.
9. Clean your hands
Doctors recommend that you always remember to keep your hands clean, even in crowded transport or at a fast food outlet on the street. At the same time, experts do not recommend using soap too often, as this can lead to drying of the skin and deterioration of the immune system layer that is present on the palms. Hand washing even has its own day-on the initiative of the UN, it is celebrated on October 15. According to experts, washing your hands can save thousands of lives every day. The fact is that through unwashed hands, pathogens of various diseases can enter the body – cholera, pneumonia, hepatitis, flu, acute respiratory infections and diseases, coronavirus, and so on. Many people forget about the cleanliness of their hands in a big city. If you have to use public transport with enviable regularity, then you will need to have wet wipes with you all the time. Immediately after leaving the vehicle, you need to wipe your hands with napkins or apply a special bactericidal gel to the skin.
The fact is that it is in the conditions of public transport that a huge number of various diseases spread, and many people pass through buses, trolleybuses and the metro every day. Accordingly, there are a lot of pathogens there. You can use a medical mask, but this is not necessary. Eating outdoors can also lead to very serious consequences – get a viral or bacterial type of disease. Street food is literally saturated with germs, especially since small fast food companies do not offer their customers wet wipes, thus ignoring sanitary standards. If possible, you need to use baby or tar soap, they do not dry the skin and at the same time reliably get rid of all bacteria.
- With a competent approach, it will be possible not to get sick not only with coronavirus, but also with a very large number of other diseases;
- It is not necessary to use only soap to clean your hands – there are different types of wet wipes and antibacterial gels that can be used literally on the go.
- Excessive use of soap can lead to drying of the skin, as well as to the violation of the immune layer on the skin of the hands.
8. Avoid touching your face
Even if you clean your hands very often from dirt, you will not be able to achieve their sterility, bacteria easily enter the body through the mucous membranes, which are quite a lot on the face. The fact is that a person often literally unconsciously touches his face, rubs his eyes, and so on. To get rid of the habit of touching your face, you need to make each of your touches conscious. For some, this need is caused by anxiety, stress, anxiety, and other unfavorable States of human psychology or physiology. However, it is not very easy to do this, so often this approach is completely ineffective. You can do something else – develop a different habit that will replace those situations when a person touches the face.
If you sometimes have to support your chin with your hand while working, you can think of a different sitting position at the computer, change the height and angle of the monitor. When a person regularly touches his face, scratches or rubs certain areas, it is best to buy an anti-stress toy that can be rolled in his hand all the time. It will allow you to replace unnecessary touches. Touching the face can be made unpleasant, for example, wearing gloves – vinyl or latex ones are quite suitable, they will be able to print and do other small things. If you regularly touch your eyes, then there is an option to start wearing glasses even if your vision is good: you can use light solar, color or specialized glasses for a personal computer.
- The absence of touching the face prevents the penetration of diseases through the mucous membranes;
- If you manage to get rid of this habit, then irritated and inflamed areas will leave the skin surface, and the number of pimples will decrease.
- Fighting this habit is very problematic, so not everyone can cope with it.
7. Avoid handshakes and friendly hugs
The tradition of shaking hands at a meeting or making a deal dates back to the deep middle ages. Today, the vast majority of men can not imagine meeting with friends without such a ceremony. However, in the conditions of the rapidly spreading coronavirus, which, according to many experts, is transmitted including by contact, it will still be necessary to temporarily prevent unnecessary touches. In particular, many large companies have developed special orders that clearly indicate that handshakes and other unnecessary touches are strictly prohibited with the application of the most serious sanctions against violators, up to dismissal. According to doctors, the virus can be transmitted by airborne droplets from one person to another through direct contact at a distance of no more than two meters. The transfer of bacteria is also carried out during handshakes. The infection does not penetrate the skin, but if a person touches the face with infected hands, the disease can still enter the body.
According to research, coronavirus pathogens can remain active on plastic or metal surfaces for up to 9 days, and on human skin for up to 12 days. Of course, if both people thoroughly washed their hands with soap and treated them with an antiseptic, then nothing bad will happen after shaking hands, unfortunately, this ideal situation is not always found. the world health organization also recommends keeping your workplace clean. In order to prevent pathogenic bacteria from multiplying there, at least once a day you need to wipe the keyboard and table with wet wipes soaked in special compounds.
- Unfortunately, it will not be easy to abandon such a familiar and globally widespread ritual, but this measure can significantly slow down the speed of the spread of coronavirus in the world;
- A person does not waste time shaking hands, immediately moving on to a business conversation.
- Not all people adequately perceive this measure and often simply neglect it.
6. Medical masks
Specialists working for the world health organization approve the use of disposable and reusable medical masks to protect against various diseases such as acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, and the latest type of coronavirus. However, who employees, including Russian experts, specify one very important fact – the medical mask is not very highly protected. Virologists note that the mask is not able to detain all microscopic particles of the disease that enter the body through the nasopharynx. However, a sterile cotton-gauze dressing will ensure that a minimum amount of bacteria is released from the body of an already infected person. The fewer virus cells there are in the blood, the more likely it is. that the immune system will successfully overcome the disease. Medical masks designed for employees of hospitals and clinics, as well as for wearing by people in everyday life, include four layers of filtering and water-repellent materials.
All of them are used in order to stop the biological liquid while inhaling droplets of saliva and mucus. However, many masks are characterized by not too tight fit to the face. Because of this, a considerable part of the air passes the filters and enters the human lungs in its original form. In Eastern countries, especially in Japan and China, anatomical masks for single use are most widely used – they strictly repeat the shape of the face, fit snugly and practically do not allow unfiltered air to pass through. In Russian stores, they have only just begun to appear on free sale, but they are in great demand. Instead of a mask, you can use a respirator – it works much more effectively than a mask, so their use is also fully justified.
- Masks and respirators allow you to reliably protect the respiratory organs and nasopharyngeal mucosa from the penetration of a large number of bacteria;
- Similar filter elements allow you to prevent saliva particles or mucous membranes saturated with pathogenic microorganisms from leaving the infected body.;
- As a preventive measure, they are used very widely.
- Masks make it very difficult to breathe;
- They are completely contraindicated for people suffering from respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases.
5. Compliance with food and personal hygiene
It is desirable to abandon the use of the common subjects not only in outdoor environments but also at home. In particular, each family member should have their own towel and toothbrush. This will minimize the spread of bacteria. After going outside, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly. When visiting grocery stores, you will also have to be very careful. It is advisable to make an accurate shopping list before going out for food, it is highly undesirable to touch other items – with the help of such recommendations, you will be able to minimize contact with potentially infected surfaces. It is forbidden to purchase goods that are not Packed in polyethylene, paper bags, and so on. If possible, preference is given to packaged products, rather than bulk ones. If it is possible to order goods online, then you need to use it once again without leaving your home.
All products brought from the store should be thoroughly washed, get rid of their store packaging, replacing it with home-made ones. Coffee and tea from boxes and cans are poured into other containers, chocolate is divided into slices and also put in a jar. After all the products are put away in their places, you should wash your hands thoroughly again. It is desirable to prepare food for yourself and family members at home, you can order dishes exclusively in a trusted institution. after delivery, you need to transfer the food to home packaging and undergo additional heat treatment.
- If you follow these simple rules, you will be able to reliably protect both yourself and your loved ones from the likelihood of Contracting the disease.;
- If you follow the rules of personal hygiene, you will be able to improve your overall well-being, prevent a large number of other infectious diseases.
- Such a method of prevention can be associated with a large number of inconveniences, as well as with significant time costs.
We have already talked about some external protective equipment before – these are medical masks, various antiseptics. However, it will not be superfluous to support your body with medications, which in combination with other measures will help to significantly prevent the occurrence of the disease. It is advisable to keep in your home first-aid kit eye drops that have an antiseptic or antibacterial effect. They will help to reliably protect the mucous membrane of the eyes. The composition envelops the cornea, which destroys all pathogens that have fallen on it. For prevention, one instillation per day is enough – in the morning or before leaving the house directly. Immediately after contact with a potentially sick person, the procedure must be repeated.
You will also need antiseptic products for the nasal mucosa – oxoline ointment, protargol and similar preparations. All of them perfectly protect a person in public places. Through the nasal cavity, bacteria will also not penetrate. Antiseptic for the throat does not work for too long, but at the same time it destroys bacteria qualitatively. It is best to take these products before leaving the house and immediately after returning. You can also improve the immune system with the help of special medications – Zhenya tincture, Amixin and proteflazid.
- The products protect the body from the inside – the bacteria trapped through personal protective equipment are neutralized either by the immune system or by drugs;
- The preventive approach has proven to be effective.
- To take each drug, you need to approach very carefully, you will need to first consult with a specialist.
As you know, the birthplace of this disease is one of the districts of China – a small town of Wuhan. It was from there that the coronavirus began to spread widely around the world, first reaching European countries, especially Italy, and then Russia and the United States. Therefore, a special bill was developed and adopted, obliging that every person who returns from abroad must notify the special service as soon as possible and stay at home for the next two weeks – on the so-called self-isolation. At the same time, a person is given a special sick leave, which allows him to keep his income at the workplace during this time. This period is chosen for the reason that the incubation period of the disease is about 2 weeks, that is, if a person has caught this virus, during this time his symptoms will necessarily appear.
Such a preventive measure requires high self-discipline from each person, as there have been repeated cases when people who returned from outside the country neglected to stay at home for some time, and began to actively visit public places, go to work, and so on. For such irresponsible citizens, quite large fines were introduced for violating this regime. Indeed, this measure is bearing fruit – the pandemic is spreading across Russian regions much more slowly compared to other countries, which helps doctors to fully and timely respond to each detected case of the disease.
- This event does not require any financial expenses;
- Passive prevention is basically just waiting for symptoms to show up.
- For violation of the regime, significant fines are imposed, which are not imposed by a court decision, but immediately at the place of fixing the violation.
2. Don’t buy at pet markets
As scientists were able to determine, animals are also carriers of coronavirus, and they themselves, as a rule, do not get sick. In this regard, you need to be very careful-you can interact with Pets, but it is advisable to stay away from strays and those who are sold on the market. In animal hair, the coronavirus is able to maintain its activity for a very long time. In addition, interesting points were found out about this disease – it is not static, the virus is constantly mutating, creating new strains. This greatly complicates the identification and control of such a disease. To date, about 39 varieties of this disease have been identified.
If you have to spend a lot of time with animals, you should wear protective medical gloves and a medical mask or respirator. Together, these funds should help prevent penetration. If possible, avoid contact with unknown Pets altogether.
- This method is designed to protect against the disease of veterinarians and other people who are constantly in contact with animals.;
- Nothing special is required of people.
- If you have to come into contact with animals, you must fully protect yourself with personal protective equipment, as well as preventive medications.
1. Timely access to a doctor
As with any other disease, it will be possible to cope with it much faster and without negative health consequences if you seek help from a specialist in a timely manner. According to doctors, the symptoms of this virus at the first stage do not differ at all from the flu or a standard acute respiratory viral infection. The main danger of this disease is that it often gives a complication, which is a viral pneumonia of the lungs, which develops almost instantly – within 24 hours. In addition to the main symptoms, a person may suffer from severe diarrhea, accompanied by bacterial and fungal infections. There are cases when the disease proceeds without any symptoms at all.
At the same time, the overwhelming number of cases (approximately in the region of 80% of all registered cases), the disease passes in a very mild form – a slight increase in temperature, cough and runny nose. 14% develop a severe form, and another 5-6% may develop respiratory failure. That’s exactly what leads to respiratory arrest and death. The virus is very dangerous for the elderly and patients suffering from chronic diseases: pathologies of the cardiovascular system, diabetes, a number of chronic lung diseases, cancer. Experts do not advise self-medication, as this can lead not only to significant complications and infection of many other people.
- Timely access to a doctor allows you to avoid serious consequences;
- The specialist will prescribe a course of treatment depending on the individual characteristics of the specialist.
- The main thing is that the doctor can recognize the disease in a timely manner.
In conclusion, a useful video
As you can see, there are quite a lot of ways to protect yourself from the disease, and as you know, it is better to prevent the disease than to treat it later, in addition, there is information about subsequent side effects. We hope that you will be able to protect yourself and your loved ones from this terrible disease that has claimed many lives around the world. Tell us how you are trying to deal with the coronavirus threat.